A hygienic oral cavity prolongs the longevity of teeth. Proper brushing and flossing can also keep dental ailments and cavities at bay. A healthy mouth is also a reflection of a healthy individual. Apart from chewing the food, teeth also play a vital role in speaking distinctly. Poor oral hygiene leads to the accumulation of plaque and tartar that proves to be the thriving ground for bacteria. Bacterial activities release an acidic substance that erodes the enamel causing cavities.
Improper eating habits, fewer green foods in the diet, incorrect brushing techniques, and even junk food might adversely affect dental health. Cavities also weaken the enamel by causing microscopic and macroscopic fissures in the enamel.
With advancements in preventive dentistry, dental sealants have proven to be a valuable and effective way to fight against dental cavities. Dental sealants are generally clear, and white-colored plastic coating is applied over the enamel to prevent further cavities or enamel loss. Sealants are used on the biting surface to prevent the teeth from degradation.
Dental fissures are anatomically formed on the molars and premolars to crush and grind the food. Dental sealants can conceal these groves effectively without hampering the biting surface of the teeth.
Dental sealants protect the teeth by acting as a shield or obstruction between the acidic secretions and the enamel. Dental sealants also prevent food debris from being stuck into the fissures and ridges. Dental sealants are non-invasive and are preventive procedures rather than dental treatment.
The exact procedure of applying dental sealants varies based on the type and manufacturer of the sealant. The dentist is well aware of the method of applying sealants. Before applying the sealant, the dental hygienist or dentist would opt for thorough cleaning of the oral cavity. The cleaning can be accomplished using hydrogen peroxide and scrubbing the enamel with a brush or swab.
The second step involves isolating the cleaned tooth surface from saliva. Moisture might cause loss of sealant or immediate failure to retain on the surface. A rubber dam is ideal for protecting the saliva from coming in contact with the cleaned enamel.
The tooth surface needs to be roughened by using 38% phosphoric acid to fix the dental sealants perfectly. The application of phosphoric acid also kills the oral bacteria in the grooves. Once the dental surface is etched with phosphoric acid to accommodate the sealants, the enamel is made dry by removing saliva and sucking out the air.
The final step of a dental sealant is applying a bonding agent on the enamel and applying the sealant material on the enamel. The sealant is applied through a syringe and, on solidifying, forms an even protective coating over the chewing surface of teeth.
Although the primary function of sealants is to protect the enamel, sealants also provide numerous other benefits.
Often dental sealants are termed cavity sealants, but deep cavities might not be sealed appropriately by sealants. But sealants are safe, and benefits are more than their disadvantages. Dental sealants are non-toxic and are declared safe by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Dentists can be the best person to diagnose and administer sealants. Confident Smile Dentistry in Pinellas Park offers a $99 new patient special package to provide comprehensive dental care. You may request an appointment online and get dental care from our experienced dentists.